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Cambodia unions face court action over strike

Posted by Nuttapon_S On January - 10 - 2014 1 COMMENT

Union leader says judiciary politicised but pledges to fight charges filed by garment-factory owners after two-week row.

Thousands of garment workers have returned to work in Cambodia since a strike for higher pay was put down with deadly force by the authorities last week.

However, employers are now filing cases in courts against trade unions over the two-week dispute.

Khieu Sambo, an attorney representing the firms against the six unions involved in the strike, told Reuters news agency that more than 150 factories had filed cases and more were being prepared.

“The lawsuits will focus on incitement to strike, damage to property and assets, coercion and threatening workers who want to work,” Ken Loo, secretary-general of the Garment Manufacturers Association in Cambodia (GMAC), said on Friday.

Chea Mony, president of the Free Trade Union, one of those targeted, said the judiciary was politicised but he would still fight the charges in court.

“They sued us because they want to intimidate us so we won’t strike any more and we won’t help the workers. We are not afraid.”

The garment-makers’ association said most workers had returned to work around the country by Friday.

However, only about 60 percent had shown up at the Canadia Industrial Park in the capital, Phnom Penh.

The park is home to factories that make clothes for Western brands such as Adidas AG, H&M Hennes & Mauritz AB and Puma SE.

The UN human rights agency said this week five people were killed and 20 wounded by gunfire and beatings on January 3 when military police opened fire on the workers, who were demanding a rise in minimum pay to $160 per month from $100.

The government had offered first $95, then $100, a rise of 25 percent.

The unions rejected that but GMAC’s Ken Loo said a minimum wage of $100 would come into force on February 1.

Police fire warning shots at Cambodia protest

Posted by Nuttapon_S On December - 27 - 2013 ADD COMMENTS

Shots fired after police try to move striking garment workers off a road in the capital, officials and activists say.

Cambodian police have fired warning shots at a brief clash with striking garment workers demanding higher wages, a state official and a local rights group have said.

Thousands of Cambodian factory workers, led by opposition leader Sam Rainsy, have been demonstrating in the capital of Phnom Penh for weeks now, calling for a higher minimum wage and for resignation of Hun Sen, the prime minister.

The violence broke out when military police tried to move the workers off a road on the outskirts of the capital Phnom Penh, according to Am Sam Ath of Licadho, a local rights group.

The workers then threw rocks at the authorities who fired “many warning shots” into the air and hit protesters with their batons, he told AFP news agency. Several people on both sides were reportedly injured.

With tens of thousands of garment workers on strike on Friday across the country, activists voiced fears of further violence.

“There are a lot of workers and if authorities use force against them, the violence would spread,” Am Sam Ath said, urging unionists and authorities to hold talks to settle the problem.

‘We had to prevent them’

The security forces said they were forced to act after workers damaged factory property.

“Because they used violence, we had to prevent them,” military police spokesman Kheng Tito told AFP.

“If we did not fire warning shots into the air, they would have totally destroyed the economic zone.”

Rong Chhun, president of the Cambodian Confederation of Unions, blamed authorities for the latest clash.

“We strongly condemn the authorities for the violence against workers who are demanding an appropriate wage,” he said.

Disputes over wages and safety conditions are common in Cambodia’s huge garment industry which supplies famous brands like Gap, Nike and H&M.

The government announced earlier this week that the monthly minimum wage for garment workers would be increased from $80 to $95 starting from April next year. The workers are demanding a minimum wage of $160 per month in 2014.

The sector employs about 650,000 people and is a key source of foreign income for the impoverished country.

Inside Cambodia’s hidden child brothels

Posted by Nuttapon_S On December - 12 - 2013 ADD COMMENTS

Phnom Penh, Cambodia (CNN) — Late one night, after dark, we met up with Don Brewster — head of Agape International Missions, an NGO fighting child prostitution — to go behind the scenes at Cambodia’s KTVs: karaoke clubs that are fronts for brothels.

I threw on some jeans and tried to look like a tourist who was up for a kinky kind of tour, with my ersatz “boyfriend”– our cameraman, Scott.

Don drove us first to an out of the way small side street, where there were tiny KTVs operating out in the open like cheap brothels. Girls sat on plastic chairs lining the entrance, all painted up and wearing short skirts, high heels and fake smiles. We walked past a few, stopping to talk for a little while. The girls would stand up, becoming energized and engaged. We crossed the street and approached another one, as if we were sampling the wares at each one.

We walk into a KTV; Scott and Don lead the way into the karaoke rooms. I become less nervous as we walk to the back where an overweight young woman frantically sweeps the kitchen floor, and we are pointed up some cement and metal stairs. We pass hallways full of closed doors, in which I can only imagine the sex acts occur.

We are brought into a low ceilinged, dank room with some disgusting couches and a video screen on one wall. I am overwhelmed with the saturated smell of air freshener that apparently has gone off like an insect fogger in this room — to cover what odor, who knows. I nearly gag and we beat a quick path out of there. We hop back into the car and head off.

Next stop: a famous 5-storied fortress of a KTV with armed guards outside. Don says if we take the elevator up from the basement, we can skip the bar and go straight to the “massage” floor.

On the fifth floor we are immediately led to a giant windowed “fishbowl” where at least 20 girls sit on bleacher to be observed and picked. Scott walks in front of the pane; they respond to his macho energy, rising and preening.

I have my iPhone in hand and itching to take a picture when suddenly things go horribly sideways: A white-clad girl in the bowl suddenly jumps up and starts screaming “She take a picture!!” She runs into the lobby and a grim-faced Mama-san bustles up to us. The girl crowds us and accuses me; more people start to gather. My friends advise me to erase the picture — but I haven’t taken any! I try and stand my ground and keep saying, “I didn’t take a picture.” But I am becoming very nervous and the situation is getting ugly.

We hustle back onto the elevator. We were lucky to get out of there without running into the security guys, because there could have been real trouble. But their behavior absolutely cemented the fact that something illegal, beyond legal-aged prostitution is going on there. They were acting like they had far too much to lose.

We head to another KTV, this one still upscale but less fortress-like than the last. Paintings of the cosmos line the ceiling in the lobby. We were ushered in and led us upstairs to karaoke room where hostesses in satin, beaded formal dresses greet us. The large and comfortable room had a giant screen on one wall and couches lining the other three walls. Colored lights pulse and change on the walls.

An older woman walked in five girls dressed in fairly classy though sexy business suits, for us to take our pick of whom we would like to stay with us. Scott, fully playing the part, roars out in his New Zealand accent, “You have anything younger, fresher?!” The girls scurry out in a hurry.

Then more girls enter. These definitely seem younger. They are also more provocatively dressed; they are wearing very short little black dresses. Don picks one, and so does Scott and the two join us; the karaoke starts in earnest. I must sing with gusto to justify my presence, otherwise what is this white lady doing here?

We sit there and begin to get their life stories. The young girl sitting next to me, the one Scott chose, is extremely pretty. It is impossible to tell how old she is — she claims to be 21, I would believe it if she was 14. She says she doesn’t come from Phnom Penh, and she is working here because her family is very poor and needs the money. Her family doesn’t know what kind of work she is doing, she said. If they find out, they will be angry with her. She has a very pretty smile, but there are moments when I watch her where the smile disappears, and she looks very sad.

She chooses to sing a song from the Karaoke catalog, a popular dance hit in Khmer, which has a video of a singer performing in front of what looks to be an American style high school dance, again like a prom. I am told the song is called “Only One Virginity” (!) and it talks about how a girl is like a flower, and only has the one time where she has most value.

Our young acquaintance sings her heart out, very intently performing if not always tunefully. Afterwards she tells me that she very specifically picked this one out, and that she wishes that she will meet a man that will go to her parents and ask for her hand, respect her. I try to get her to talk about what men expect from her here, but it doesn’t go very far.

I see that Don has been very busy with the girl he invited to stay, showing her a video on his iPhone in which a girl from his center talks about how she was able to leave a KTV and now has a job that she is excited about and is much happier. She was very intrigued by the video and she gave him her cellphone number so the girl from the video could call her and follow up.

I passed his iPhone to our young companion. Thankfully, the hostesses did not seem to mind or care that we were doing this; the whole room was on security cameras poised in the corners but no one came in and stopped us. She watched and listened to the video very intently. Afterwards she said she liked it.

“I know it is hard to trust us, strangers,” I told her. “But I am a mom (and I showed her pictures of my four happy children and me hugging my two daughters) and I wouldn’t want my kids in a situation like this.”

She didn’t give her number, but we told her it was okay, Don’s outreach person would call her friend and we gave her Don’s card. I impressed on her that this was opportunity knocking on her door, and she should answer it: this was her chance for a happier life.

We hugged goodbye, and went back to the cars. I had no idea that I was going to be involved in trying to recruit girls to leave the KTV life and receive the services of Don’s NGO. What a night.

Foreign Ministry readies for talks with Cambodia on ruling

Posted by Nuttapon_S On November - 16 - 2013 ADD COMMENTS

THE FOREIGN MINISTRY is fine-tuning its plans for negotiations with Cambodia over the World Court’s judgement on Preah Vihear Temple, while tensions in the border village of Phum Srol have eased.

Deputy permanent secretary Nuttavudh Photisaro said yesterday that the government would deal with Cambodia on the recent ruling by the International Court of Justice through peaceful negotiation.

The clear aim is to protect the national interest and sovereignty with the intention of being a good neighbour of Cambodia, which along with Thailand would become a member of the Asean Economic Community in two years’ time, he said.

“Our stance will not affect national integrity and our reputation in the international community,” Nattavudh told a seminar at Chulalongkorn University.

Thailand is in the process of preparing its position after the ICJ ruled that Cambodia had sovereignty over the whole promontory of Preah Vihear, an ancient Hindu temple on the two countries’ border.

The judgement in effect rejected the unilateral line determined by a Thai cabinet resolution in 1962 to limit the “vicinity” of Preah Vihear.

The court on Monday used the borderline on the so-called Annex I map to define the limits of the promontory but admitted that it was difficult to translate this line into precise locations on the ground. The ICJ therefore urged Thailand and Cambodia to cooperate in complying with the judgement in good faith. The ruling does not permit either party – Thailand or Cambodia – to impose a unilateral solution.

The ICJ judgement has become a political issue. Some have tried to corner the government into confessing that the country has lost territory. They want the government to denounce the World Court ruling.

Thai Ambassador to The Hague Virachai Plasai said that as an official of the Foreign Ministry, he could not say whether Thailand had lost any territory. “What I can say it that we have to talk with Cambodia on the judgement,” he said at the Chulalongkorn seminar.

The government has set up a working group chaired by Foreign Ministry permanent secretary Sihasak Phuanketkeow to deal with the ICJ judgement. The group will call a meeting on Tuesday to study the judgement and offer options to the government.

“Parts of the court judgement are in favour of Thailand, and we have the diplomatic skills to negotiate with Cambodia for mutual benefit,” Sihasak said.

In another development, Interior Minister Charupong Ruangsuwan visited villagers, soldiers and local officials in Si Sa Ket’s Phum Srol village, which is on the border with Cambodia.

People said tensions on the border had eased after the court’s verdict as they were confident that there would be no military clashes.

“As long as the crucial part of the territory in the disputed area of 4.6 square kilometres was not lost, the two countries will be able to negotiate on how to handle the minor part of the Preah Vihear promontory,” Charupong said.

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